HOW TO START COMPOSTING

For all gardening beginners, especially those in urban areas we bring the importance of quality compost for their gardens and small tips on how to do it the right way. The first obvious reason why you should do composting is reducing the amount of garbage in your household, and second is that you are doing the good thing for Mother Nature by recycling organic material.

Composting is the simple way to add nutrients to your garden or a lawn and that is what fuels the growth of your plants and restore the vitality of your soil. It is free, easy to make, and most importantly it is great for the environment. With composting, you are creating rich hummus and it is called black gold for a reason. By composting you reduce the need and production of chemical fertilizers, reduce methane emissions and your carbon footprint, increasing organic matter in your soil, help balance the pH of your soil, and you are helping plants to absorb nutrients that are already in your soil and provide some extra nutrients too.

WHAT TO COMPOST:

  • Fruit scraps
  • Vegetable scraps
  • Cut flowers
  • Coffee grounds
  • Eggshells
  • Grass and plant clippings
  • Dry leaves
  • Chopped wood and bark chips Shredded newspaper

WHAT NOT TO COMPOST:

  • Anything containing meat, oil, fat, or grease
  • Any dairy products
  • Diseased plant materials
  • Dog/cat feces
  • Weeds that go to seed

HOW TO DO IT:

First of all, you need to get a bin for composting material, preferably closed one if you are worried that it will smell bad. You can make one on your own or buy one in the local gardening or hardware store. When selecting a composting bin make sure that it doesn’t go higher than you waste and that is at least 3 feet in diameter. Your goal is to have an equal amount of ‘’green’’ and ‘’brown’’ waste to keep your compost in balance. Green wastes are fruits and vegetables and brown waste is dry material such as dry leaves and old newspapers. Brown waste is rich in carbon that breaks down the scraps and green waste supply nitrogen that are crucial in the structure of your soil. The next necessary ingredients are oxygen and moisture. Moisture helps break everything down (sprinkle it now and then) and without oxygen, your compost will smell bad and will rot easily. With the right mixture, your compost and occasional shoveling your compost will turn into smell free soil that is ready for use. You can absolutely do this at home, just set up a mini set in your kitchen and you are ready to go!